The privileges that the Americans had automatically obtained from Britain when they had colonial status (including protection from pirates in the Mediterranean; see: The First Barbarian War and the Second Barbarian War) were withdrawn. Some states ignored the federal government`s recommendations under Article 5 to restore confiscated loyalist property, and also ignored Article 6 (z.B. by seizing loyalist property for „unpaid debts“). Some, especially Virginia, have also resisted Article 4 and have maintained laws against paying debts to British creditors. The British were often unaware of the provision of Article 7 on the expulsion of slaves.  The resulting treaty dealt with a small number of American interests and ultimately granted additional rights to Britain. The only concessions obtained by Jay were a transfer of the northwest posts (already agreed in 1783) and a trade agreement with Great Britain, which granted the United States the status of „most favoured nation“, but severely restricted U.S. trade access to the British West Indies. All other outstanding issues, including the Canadian-main border, pre-revolutionary debt compensation and the British seizure of U.S. vessels, should be resolved through arbitration. Jay even acknowledged that the British could seize American goods destined for France if they could pay for them and confiscate French goods on American ships without payment. But the Americans understood that they could get a better offer directly from London. John Jay quickly told the British that he was ready to negotiate directly with them and cut off France and Spain.
The British Prime Minister, Lord Shelburne, agreed. He was responsible for the British negotiations (some of which took place in his studies at Lansdowne House, now a bar at the Lansdowne Club) and now saw a chance to separate the United States from France and make the new country a valuable economic partner.  Western conditions were that the United States would reach the entire region east of the Mississippi River, northern Florida and southern Canada. The northern border would be almost the same as it is today.  The United States would retain fishing rights off the Coast of Canada and would agree to allow British traders and loyalists to recover their property. It was a very favourable treaty for the United States, from a British point of view. Prime Minister Shelburne predicted a very profitable two-way trade between Britain and the fast-growing United States, as actually happened.  Did you know? The War of 1812 spawned a new generation of great American generals, including Andrew Jackson, Jacob Brown and Winfield Scott, and helped push no less than four men to the presidency: Jackson, John Quincy Adams, James Monroe and William Henry Harrison.
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